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Aurèlia Muñoz

Aurèlia Muñoz (Barcelona, 1926-2011) is one of the most important textile artists of the 20th century. Starting from the 1960s, the movements known as La Nouvelle Tapisserie and Fiber Sculptures, in which Aurèlia Muñoz actively participated, aimed to go beyond the traditional concept of tapestry as a decorative object for houses and palaces, to permit it to exist as a work of art in its own right, in which the texture, the volume and the three-dimensional space are essential. They thus transformed tapestries into avant-garde textile art for everyone.

Aurèlia Muñoz's online exhibition was made in collaboration with the Estate of the Artist.

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Aurèlia Muñoz

Aurèlia Muñoz (Barcelona, 1926-2011) is one of the most important textile artists of the 20th century. Starting from the 1960s, the movements known as La Nouvelle Tapisserie and Fiber Sculptures, in which Aurèlia Muñoz actively participated, aimed to go beyond the traditional concept of tapestry as a decorative object for houses and palaces, to permit it to exist as a work of art in its own right, in which the texture, the volume, and the three-dimensional space are essential. They thus transformed tapestries into avant-garde textile art for everyone.

The figure of Aurèlia Muñoz stands out in the movements renewing textile art thanks to her originality and her constant investigation of the treatment of fibres, textures and techniques, which she inserts in indoor spaces or on a large scale in the open air. Her artwork is a good example of how the use of embroidery or macramé techniques, traditionally attributed to the female domestic sphere, can become powerful driving forces for the expression of major international works of art.

 

WORKS

Cascada anelles
Cascada anelles (Cascade of rings), 1973
Sisal rope, macramé technique
268 x 55 cm

Selected for the 1973 12th São Paulo Art Biennial

XII Bienal de Sao Paulo de 1973

 

Ens històric
Ens històric (Historical Being), 1976
Sisal and jute rope, macramé technique
140 x 110 cm

Forms part of the family of Éssers (Beings), her work most frequently represented in museums. This series notably includesÀliga Beige (Brown Eagle), acquired by the MoMA in 2019 and currently displayed in that museum. Other pieces from the same collection are Ens Social (Social Being), displayed in the MNAC, Ens Místic (Mystic Being) from the MACBA collection and Ens Aeri (Aerial Being), displayed in the Centre d’Art Grau Garriga of Sant Cugat del Vallés.

 

Ocell blau amb miques
Ocell blau amb miques (Blue bird with micas), 1972
Sisal ropes and mica, macramé technique
78 x 26 cm

This work comes within the imaginary of Aurèlia Muñoz, in which animals, especially birds, form part of an animated nature which defends against certain human actions.

 

Àngel rosa i miques
Àngel rosa i miques (Pink angel and micas), 1973
Sisal ropes and mica, macramé technique
74 x 26 cm

Angels, devils and other figures are present in the works of Aurèlia Muñoz, in a poetic and mystic version of the universe, with a certain irony.

 

Cometa ocell B2
Cometa ocell B2 (Bird comet B2), 1982
Sailcloth
130 x 260 x 620 cm
Photo: Josep Gri

 

Cometa ocell D2
Cometa ocell D2 (Bird comet D2), 1982
Sailcloth
740 x 200 cm
Photo: Lluís Casals

 

STAGES

1960-1968 Represent abstraction
The first works are fabrics printed with geometric and architectural motifs which evolve towards patchwork. In order to achieve greater creative freedom, she moved on to embroidery, in which colour takes centre stage and the direction of the stitching provides the pieces with expression, luminosity and even relief.

1969-1983 Discover the inner space
Textile collages are an initial approach to three-dimensionality, but the macramé technique allows her creations to be able to conquer space. This technique becomes a versatile tool to create small and large artworks that blend in with the architecture.

 

AURÈLIA MUÑOZ AT THE MOMA AND THE MNAC

Aurèlia Muñoz’s Águila Beige Aurèlia Muñoz’s Águila Beige (Brown Eagle)
Curator Juliet Kinchin explores the visceral
impact of a work newly on view at MoMA.
read more on the MoMA’s website

 

Nuar l’espai Knotting the Space. Aurèlia Muñoz Donation
From October 24, 2019 to April 2020
read more on the MNAC’s website